The ovaries are a pair of organs
in the female reproductive system. They are
in the pelvis, one on each
side of the uterus
pear-shaped organ where a fetus
grows). Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries
make eggs and female hormones.
Signs and symptoms of ovarian low malignant potential tumor include pain or swelling in the abdomen.
Ovarian low malignant potential tumor may not cause early signs or symptoms. If you do have signs or symptoms, they may include the following:
These signs and symptoms may be caused by other conditions. If they get worse or do not go away on their own, check with your doctor.
Tests that examine the ovaries are used to detect (find), diagnose, and stage ovarian low malignant potential tumor.
The following tests and procedures may be used:
and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
Pelvic exam: An exam of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and rectum. A speculum
is inserted into the vagina and the doctor or nurse
looks at the vagina and cervix for signs of disease. A Pap test
of the cervix is usually done. The doctor or nurse also inserts one or two lubricated, gloved fingers of one hand into the vagina and places the other hand over the lower abdomen to feel the size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries. The doctor or nurse also inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for lumps or abnormal areas.
exam: A procedure in which high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) are bounced off internal tissues
or organs and make echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram. The picture can be printed to be looked at later.Other patients may have a transvaginal ultrasound.
(CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an x-ray
machine. A dye
may be injected
into a vein
or swallowed to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography.
CA 125assay: A test that measures the level of CA 125 in the blood. CA 125 is a substance released by cells into the bloodstream. An increased CA 125 level is sometimes a sign of cancer or other condition.
Chest x-ray: An x-ray of the organs and bones inside the chest. An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body.
Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope
by a pathologist
to check for signs of cancer. The tissue is usually removed during surgery
to remove the tumor.
Certain factors affect prognosis
(chance of recovery) and treatment options.